Indian Broadband Policy and Regulatory Resources

Infrastructure

Broadband network is an amalgamate of a number of technologies at different levels and scopes. The scopes could be international, national, metropolitan or local. Various wireless and wire-line technologies constitute broadband infrastructure. The technical characteristics of these technologies and the economic viability of using them should be carefully scrutinized before taking any decision. Issues include, access to infrastructure, technologies of backbone connectivity, International connectivity, domestic, metropolitan and local connectivity.

According to a study by Analysys Mason, in addition to the multiple demand and supply side challenges of India, one of the key reasons for low Internet penetration and geographic concentration is the unavailability of core / middle mile and access infrastructure for broadband outside the top cities and towns. Across all international markets, a national broadband backbone is almost always the starting point for deployment of a national broadband plan, followed by demand stimulation initiatives by the market and government, and resolution of supply side issues in parallel.

This study provides:

1. an analysis of international experience in the deployment of national broadband networks.
2. an estimation of the current back-haul network in India and required investments for additional deployment of back-haul and access infrastructure.
3. an evaluation of potential deployment models for India.

Indian NTP 2012 envisages making broadband available to 250000 village panchayat by the year 2015 which would be funded by USF of around of Rs. 20,000 crores. In line with the said objective, the Govt. of India has approved NOFN (National Optical Fiber Network) on 25/10/2011 to provide connectivity to the 250000 village panchayats all over the country. For this, a special purpose vehicle named BBNL (Bharat Broadband Network Limited) for establishment, management and regulation of broadband policy.

Bharat Broadband Network Limited – Government of India has approved on 25-10-2011 the setting up of National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) to provide connectivity to all the 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats(GPs) in the country. This would ensure broadband connectivity with adequate bandwidth. This is to be achieved utilizing the existing optical fiber and extending it to the Gram Panchayats.

National Optical Fiber Network report analyzes the government initiative from an independent perspective. 

Country Studies

Economic Development and Inclusion through Local Broadband Access Networks – This report provides a detailed mapping of best practice for the implementation of sustainable local broadband access networks and an analysis of the situation in four countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region: Brazil, Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Peru.

National Broadband Network, Australia –  The NBN is Australia’s first national wholesale-only, open access communications network that is being built to bring high speed broadband and telephone services within the reach of all Australian premises.

The Rural Broadband –  A government programme to make super fast broadband available to 90 per cent of premises in each area of the UK is currently expected to be delivered nearly two years later than initially planned, the National Audit Office has reported.

High Speed Broadband Network – Malaysia _– Report analyses the Malaysian National Broadband Network. 

National Broadband Networks: What works and what doesn’t? – This report is a comparison of the National Broadband Networks of India, Malaysia, Indonesia and Australia

Links

Philippine government to develop national broadband plan – Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte announced in his first State of the Nation Address (SONA) on Monday that he wants the newly created Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) to develop a national broadband plan to accelerate the deployment of fiber optic cables and wireless technologies to improve internet speed.

Tejas Networks to Build pan-Africa Fiber Backbone for Internet Solutions – Tejas Networks will be building pan-Africa fiber backbone for Internet Solutions and deliver next generation communication services.

Broadband Supply Chain – four main infrastructure components according to the Broadband Strategies Toolkit are International connectivity, National backbone network, Metropolitan or Backhaul links and Local access networks

Access to Infrastructure – the regulation vs Investment debate

Infrastructure Technologies – Technical Options for Deploying Broadband Connectivity

Articles

Bridging the Digital Divide: ‘10% increase in global connectivity produces 5% human happiness’

More than half the world’s population still not using the Internet – ITU Report

L-root launched in India, will mitigate cyberthreats – e first L-Root instance in India has been installed in Kolkata, increasing the Domain Name System’s (DNS) overall fault tolerance and its resilience against certain types of cyberthreats, such as Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. ‎

Zuckerberg says Facebook will deliver ‘internet from space’ to Africa – When Spacecom’s AMOS-6 satellite arrives in geostationary orbit in 2016, its entire broadband capacity will have been booked by Facebook.

Indonesia’s PANDI Contributes to Responsive and Resilient Internet with First L-Root Instance – The first L-Root instance in Indonesia has been successfully installed in Jakarta, increasing the Domain Name System’s (DNS) overall fault tolerance and its resilience against certain types of cyber threats, such as Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, a press release by ICANN stated.

Wireless, satellite, fibre and copper compete to bring fast broadband to the rural masses – Some say broadband access should be enshrined as a basic human right, and vendors, operators and other innovators are working on ways to reduce the cost and increase the speed of broadband services in rural areas. By Sam Baird

Public private partnerships as a tool for stimulating investments in broadband – This paper by Morten Falch and Anderson Henten is concerned with PPP in the telecommunications area and more specifically with the combination of public and private investments in upgrading broadband infrastructures.

Power line 2.0: broadband – Discusses the use of power lines for broadband. Explains how broadband over power lines (BPL) works. Discusses pricing issues, equipment barriers and benefits.

The Next Broadband Challenge: Wireless  – Is fiber optics to virtually all homes a sensible policy goal? Perhaps not. At least, so argue Professors Middleton and Given, who suggest that, although wireless broadband may not be as fast as fiber, its adoption will be more rapid because it offers other attractive characteristics. Mobile broadband may have a disruptive effect on the overall broadband market, making fiber to the home less attractive. If this is so, should universal service obligations be extended to mobile broadband? And should governments rethink their plans for a ubiquitous fiber optic infrastructure? Middleton and Given argue that they should.

Broadband infrastructure investment in stimulus packages: relevance for developing countries – Reviewing a dozen of fiscal stimulus packages in developed countries, this paper analyzes one common strategy that has found widespread support in these stimulus packages and its relevance for developing countries: investing in broadband and next-generation networks, as a counter-cyclical tool to create jobs and provide the foundation for economic recovery and long-term sustained growth. Several factors highlight the potential of broadband infrastructure as an important area of public investment during economic downturn, an option also open to policymakers in developing countries. 

Less digging = more broadband – The Civil engineering costs for up to 80% of the cost of installing broadband networks and the Commission’s draft Regulation could save between 40 and 60 billion euro or up to 30% of the total investment costs.

Nayatel Deploys DNS L-Root Server in Pakistan in Partnership With ICANN – The first instance of L-Root has been installed in Pakistan. The launch of the server node is a joint operation between Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Pakistan’s first Fiber to the home (FTTH) operator Nayatel (Pvt) Ltd. Nayatel supplied the equipment necessary for the installation of the L-Root node, along with Data Center hosting and Internet transit.