Internet use began in Nepal before any specific legal framework for its use had been developed. The Telecommunication Act 1997 was the first instrument to regulate the Internet. It established a regulatory body called the Nepal Telecommunication Authority (NTA).
Another major development took place in 2008 with the enactment of the Electronic Transaction Act 2008 that is considered to be important in managing Internet usage in Nepal. On the policy front the National Communication Policy 1992 encouraged the private sector to provide telecommunication services to the public. This process was further facilitated through the promulgation of Privatization Act 1994.
The IT Policy 2000 was another milestone in the development of Internet. In this policy the state recognized itself as a promoter, facilitator and regulator of IT development in Nepal. The Telecommunication Policy introduced in 2004 has incorporated several provisions regarding the use of Internet. The policy enabled people involved in development activities to use the Internet by developing capacity down to the district and village level. At the implementation level the NTA began the District Optical Fibre Network Project in 2009 with the aim of expanding the system across the country by 2014 to improve access to broadband Internet service.
Only 2.6pc of Rural Telecommunication Development Fund (RTDF) utilized so far - The government has spent only 2.6 per cent of the money accumulated in Rural Telecommunications Development Fund (RTDF) in the last 17 years. This shows that a huge amount of resources has remained idle in the fund, which was supposed to be utilised for extending telecom services to rural areas.
What India can learn from Nepal - This article consists of the way that Nepal responded to the earthquake which occurred the 25th earthquake. Also, the countries stance on internet censorship and freedom of speech.