The issues of promoting UAS are contingent upon the existence of a robust framework. The regulators need to have a framework, a guideline that states the context and institutional considerations of UAS policy, a vision that clearly articulates the relationship of broadband and UAS policy, a deployment process that includes consultation, finance and economic analysis, a legal framework that would guide the UAS policy implementation.
Sector reform is fundamental to universal service policy. The opponents of privatization and liberalization believe that these processes do not promote US. Strong regulatory presence in the market helps to engage the private operators in US rather than on profit maximizing ventures such as investment in the urban and business environment.
Australia, Universal service policy in the national broadband network environment - Australia’s digital economy grew strongly during 2012–13 with increases in internet usage, consumer choice and mobile access to the internet, according to a new report from the Australian Communications and Media Authority
Achieving Rural Universal Service in a Broadband Era - We first consider the backdrop against which the challenge of broadband deployment in rural economies is set. We then describe the basic economics of both the supply and demand of broadband in rural areas. Finally, we consider the implications of the basic economics for policy making.
Ofcom USO review - Ofcom is reviewing BT and Kingston’s USO to ensure it continues to meet the needs of consumers. The review is focussed on delivering the current Universal Service arrangements and is being carried out alongside Ofcom’s Strategic Review of Telecommunications (“the Strategic Review”) which looks at longer term Universal Service issues.
Introduction to Universal Access – This section seeks to provide an overview of what policy makers can do to address perceived shortfalls, to define a broadband development strategy capable of addressing market failures, and to work toward achieving universal broadband service.
Universal Access to meet Broadband needs - differences in access to and adoption of wireline and mobile telephony have remained; the same is also occurring with broadband. Moreover, the private sector often has insufficient interest in investing in broadband in rural and remote areas, even with government incentives. This section describes how UAS can be used to meet Broadband needs.
Driving Universal Broadband Access - In many cases, broadband infrastructure projects are being led by the private sector, with the government’s role focused on developing policies to encourage and facilitate these private sector initiatives. Within this context, countries have recently adopted more integrated strategies for developing and financing telecommunications services.
Benefits of applying universal service funds to support ICT/Broadband programs - As detailed in this paper, India, Malaysia, Morocco, Pakistan, and Turkey are among the many countries that have created successful ICT/broadband programs that serve thousands of citizens around the world